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###Wall Street Breakfast: The Week Ahead

Jun. 07, 2020 8:43 AM ET take what you will and tell me what you think, I think they named most of the stocks out there. What are your favorites?

Welcome to Wall Street Brunch, our preview of stock market events for investors to watch during the upcoming week. You can also catch this article a day early by subscribing to the Stocks to Watch account for Saturday morning delivery. Podcast listener? Subscribe now to receive Wall Street Breakfast by 8:00 a.m. every trading day on Seeking Alpha, iTunes, Stitcher and Spotify

Fed Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell will be in the spotlight next week when the Federal Open Market Committee meets on June 9-10. Powell is expected to face questions on the central bank's role in the economic recovery and what tools are still available to use. "We think right now they’re just trying to get this Main Street lending program to work. The question is are they going to do more things around what they do in terms of forward guidance and next steps of macro easing," previews Bank of America economist Ethan Harris. On the economic front, reports on consumer prices, producer prices and consumer sentiment will be watched closely. The weekly jobless claims numbers due out on June 11 will be crucial for sentiment after May’s employment report showed a surprising record gain of 2.5M jobs. On the corporate side of things, Lululemon (NASDAQ:LULU) reports earnings with shares sitting near their all-time high and a board battle at GameStop (NYSE:GME) goes to a vote.
Earnings spotlight: REV Group (NYSE:REVG) and Stitch Fix (NASDAQ:SFIX) on June 8; Signet Jewelers (NYSE:SIG), AMC Entertainment (NYSE:AMC), Chewy (NYSE:CHWY), Five Below (NASDAQ:FIVE) and GameStop on June 9; Guess (NYSE:GES) and Red Robin Gourmet Burgers (NASDAQ:RRGB) on June 10; Adobe (NASDAQ:ADBE), Dave & Buster's Entertainment (NASDAQ:PLAY) and Lululemon on June 11. Go deeper: See Seeking Alpha's complete list of earnings reporters
IPO watch: Online car seller Vroom (VRM) is offering about 18.8M shares in an expected range of $17 to $19. The timing for the IPO is intriguing with the pandemic leading to more online shopping for cars, but sales and margins under pressure. How well the Vroom IPO is received by investors could be of interest to Carvana (NYSE:CVNA), (NYSE:CARS), TrueCar (NASDAQ:TRUE), AutoNation (NYSE:AN) and even Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) as the concept of online car shopping heads more mainstream. Vroom is expected to have a market capitalization of around $1.92B if it prices at the higher end of the indicated range. Across the Pacific, Chinese gaming company NetEase (NASDAQ:NTES) is looking to raise $1.2B in a Hong Kong listing to fund strategies for international expansion. Shares are expected to start trading on June 11. Also in the IPO world, the quiet period expires for ADC Therapeutics (NYSE:ADCT) on June 9 and IPO share lockups end on XP (NASDAQ:XP), Bill Holdings (NYSE:BILL), OneConnect Financial (NYSE:OCFT) and Sprout Social (NASDAQ:SPT) later in the week. There are also secondary offering lockup expirations on Tilray (NASDAQ:TLRY) and BlackRock (NYSE:BLK) to keep an eye on. Go deeper: Catch up on all the latest IPO news.
M&A tidbits: Gaming officials in New Jersey meet to discuss the Caesars Entertainment (NASDAQ:CZR)-Eldorado Resorts (NASDAQ:ERI) merger. The tender offer on the Menarini Group pickup of Stemline Therapeutics (NASDAQ:STML) is also due to expire. Keep an eye on Western Union (NYSE:WU) and MoneyGram International (NASDAQ:MGI) for reports on if the companies are in talks and expect a little more drama around the Tiffany (NYSE:TIF)-LVMH (OTCPK:LVMHF) merger.
Projected dividend changes (quarterly): W.R. Berkley (NYSE:WRB) to $0.12 from $0.11, Casey's General Stores (NASDAQ:CASY) to $0.34 from $0.32, National Fuel Gas (NYSE:NFG) to $0.445 from $0.435, Realty Income (NYSE:O) to $0.2330 (monthly), Urstadt Biddle (NYSE:UBA) to $0.14 from $0.28.
Spotlight on Snap: Snap (NYSE:SNAP) has its partner summit event scheduled for June 11. The virtual event will feature a keynote address by Snap co-founders Evan Spiegel and Bobby Murphy, as well as talks from other team members from across the company. New product features and partnerships will be announced around Snap's augmented reality offerings and a stripped-down version of its platform that partners can embed in their own apps is expected to be unveiled. Developers are expected to be able to use a toolkit provided by Snap to build a Snapchat-like mini-app right in their own websites. The Snap event takes place with the company under a brighter spotlight for how it curates its promoted content on the Discover page. Heading into the summit, shares of Snap are up more than 50% over the last 90 days.
Airlines: How high can the airline sector fly? After a series of reports on improved bookings trends, airline stocks are showing positive momentum. American Airlines (NASDAQ:AAL) paced the sector with a 77% gain last week, while Spirit Airlines (NYSE:SAVE) +75%, JetBlue (NASDAQ:JBLU) +36%, Delta Air Lines (NYSE:DAL) +36%, Hawaiian Holdings (NASDAQ:HA) +34% and SkyWest (NASDAQ:SKYW) +33% also reeled off big gains. Traffic reports for May are due out next week, which could include more market-moving metric updates.
Healthcare watch: At ENDO Online, OPKO Health (NASDAQ:OPK) is due to present data on Somatrogon on June 8 and Neurocrine Biosciences (NASDAQ:NBIX) will present on Crinecerfont. Virtual presentations scheduled for the European Hematology Association conference starting on June 11 include bluebird bio (NASDAQ:BLUE) on LentiGlobin data, Merus (NASDAQ:MRUS) on MCLA-117, Altex Industries (OTCQB:ALTX) on Nomacopan, Vertex Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:VRTX) on CTX001, AstraZeneca (NYSE:AZN) on AZD1222 and Agios Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:AGIO) on AG-348.
Analyst meetings and business updates: Equifax (NYSE:EFX) has an investor update scheduled for June 8. Intel (NASDAQ:INTC) CEO Bob Swan will talk ESG in a discussion with JUST Capital on June 8 and Ericsson (NASDAQ:ERIC) has a business update call scheduled for June 9 covering networks and digital services. Avery Dennison (NYSE:AVY) has a conference call scheduled with R.W. Baird on June 9. (NYSE:CRM) cloud exec Mike Micucci is participating in the Citi Virtual Software Bus Tour on June 10. Finally, (NASDAQ:OSTK) has an Investor Day scheduled for June 10 and Centene (NYSE:CNC) has a Virtual Investor Day presentation scheduled for June 12.
Conferences rundown: Cowen hosts a conference covering the "New Retail Ecosystem" with virtual presentations from Vince Holdings (NYSE:VNCE), Lands' End (NASDAQ:LE) and Macy's (NYSE:M). Also next week, William Blair has a growth stock conference with online talks by execs from a long list of companies, including Pluralsight (NASDAQ:PS), Appian (NASDAQ:APPN), TransUnion (NYSE:TRU), Arista Networks (NYSE:ANET), CyberArk Software (NASDAQ:CYBR), QAD (NASDAQ:QADA), Talend (NASDAQ:TLND), Workday (NASDAQ:WDAY), SmileDirectClub (NASDAQ:SDC), DocuSign (NASDAQ:DOCU), Chewy (CHWY), Zendesk (NYSE:ZEN) and Varonis Systems (NASDAQ:VRNS). The hodge-podge list of companies due to participate at the Stifel 2020 Virtual Cross Sector Insight Conference include Starbucks (NASDAQ:SBUX), Donaldson (NYSE:DCI), HubSpot (NYSE:HUBS), S&P Global (NYSE:SPGI), Autodesk (NASDAQ:ADSK), Archer-Daniels-Midland (NYSE:ADM), MasTec (NYSE:MTZ), Lindsay (NYSE:LNN), Dycom Industries (NYSE:DY) and Cronos (NASDAQ:OTC:CRON). Meanwhile, the Deutsche Bank 11th Annual Virtual Global Industrials & Materials Summit 2020 will also run next week with presentations ranging from airline companies, paper producers, construction concerns to home builders. Appearances are expected from MYR Goup (NASDAQ:MYRG), WillScot (NASDAQ:WSC), Berry Global (NYSE:BERY), Builders FirstSource (NASDAQ:BLDR), Cabot Corp. (NYSE:CBT), Canadian Pacific (NYSE:CP), Clearwater (NYSE:CLW), Crown Holdings (NYSE:CCK), AMETEK (NYSE:AME), ArcelorMittal (NYSE:MT), Ahland Global (NYSE:ASH), AXTA, Delta Air Lines (DAL), Dow Inc. (NYSE:DOW), Fluor (NYSE:FLR), Garrett Motion (NYSE:GTX), Rio Tinto (NYSE:RIO), Saia (NASDAQ:SAIA), Silgan Holdings (NASDAQ:SLGN), Sonoco Products (NYSE:SON), Summit Materials (NYSE:SUM), Target Hospitality (NASDAQ:TH), Vulcan Materials (NYSE:VMC), Westlake Chemical (NYSE:WLK), XPO Logistics (NYSE:XPO), Meritor (NYSE:MTOR), nVent Electric (NYSE:NVT), Peabody Energy (NYSE:BTU), PPG Industries (NYSE:PPG), PQ Group (NYSE:PQG), REVG, Alcoa (NYSE:AA), Rexnord Corp. (NYSE:RXN), Canadian National (NYSE:CNI), CSX Corporation (NASDAQ:CSX), Union Pacific (NYSE:UNP), Kansas City Southern (NYSE:KSU), Honeywell (NYSE:HON), Ball Corporation (NYSE:BLL) and O-I Glass (NYSE:OI).
Eating out: The week ahead will see the eat-at-home vs. restaurants trade be hashed around again. Nielsen data could show a deceleration in the stockpiling benefits for Campbell Soup (NYSE:CPB), J.M. Smucker (NYSE:SJM), B&G Foods (NYSE:BGS), Blue Apron (NYSE:APRN), Hain Celestial (NASDAQ:HAIN) and General Mills (NYSE:GIS) - while restaurant stocks like Cracker Barrel (NASDAQ:CBRL), Denny's (NASDAQ:DENN), Dine Brands Global (NYSE:DIN), Brinker International (NYSE:EAT) and Red Robin Gourmet Burgers (RRGB) will look to scrap back from their YTD losses with more people eating out.
Notable annual meetings: GameStop may generate the most drama of the annual meetings next week with the company's board up for re-election. Two proxy firms are backing candidates from stakeholders Hestia Capital and Permit Capital for board inclusion, while Michael Burry's Scion Asset management is voting in favor of the board's slate. The annual shareholder meeting arrives with shares of GameStop down 32% YTD. Other annual meetings to watch this week include MercadoLibre (NASDAQ:MELI), SeaWorld Entertainment (NYSE:SEAS), Shake Shack (NYSE:SHAK), Target (NYSE:TGT), Wingstop (NASDAQ:WING), TJX Companies (NYSE:TJX), Mattel (NASDAQ:MAT), Nvidia (NASDAQ:NVDA), Best Buy (NYSE:BBY) and Dollar Tree (NASDAQ:DLTR).
Betting on betting: The brand-new Roundhill Sports Betting & iGaming ETF (NYSEARCA:BETZ) heads into its first full week of trading just ahead of the re-emergence of major sports in the months ahead. The Roundhill Sports Betting & iGaming ETF is designed to offer retail and institutional investors exposure to sports betting and iGaming industries. Holdings include DraftKings (NASDAQ:DKNG), Flutter Entertainment (OTCPK:PDYPY), Penn National Gaming (NASDAQ:PENN), William Hill (OTCPK:WIMHF), Scientific Games (NASDAQ:SGMS), GAN (NASDAQ:GAN), Churchill Downs (NASDAQ:CHDN) and PointsBet (OTCQX:PBTHF).
Barron's mentions: Twitter (NYSE:TWTR) makes the cover this week with the company in the middle of the political firestorm. For investors, the bigger issue than the culture debate is that the stock is valued at a sales multiple lower than social media peers. Food suppliers Sysco (NYSE:SYY), US Food Holdings (NYSE:USFD) and Performance Food Group (NYSE:PFGC) are recommended with sales volume slowly recovering. The publication notes that large investors like KKR and Trian Fund Management are taking an interest in the sector. There is also a reminder that COVID-19 drug trials are progressing. Eli Lilly (NYSE:LLY) is testing its antibody in a Phase 1 trial. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:REGN) is also set to begin testing this month, while a collaboration between Vir Biotechnology (NASDAQ:VIR) and GlaxoSmithKline (NYSE:GSK) will begin trials later this summer. If the trial results are positive and the pandemic remains intense, emergency authorization of some of the drugs could follow.
Sources: Bloomberg, Reuters, CNBC, BioPharmCatalyst, EDGAR
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How To Buy Bumper Plate: The Definite Guide in 2020

How To Buy Bumper Plate: The Definite Guide in 2020
Bumper plates are an essential part of any modern gym. Choosing the right bumpers for your members, however, requires some research and insider insights. In this article we provide the knowledge you need to make smart bumper plate buying decisions.
We’ll cover the following topics:
  • What’s the difference between a bumper plate and weight plate?
  • Which type of bumper plates should I buy?
  • How are bumper plates made?
  • What durometer rating is best for a bumper plate?
We believe we’ve put together the most comprehensive bumper plate buying guide available online. That’s because we’ve gone the extra mile to interview 10 experienced workers from 7 bumper plate factories to give you the insider knowledge that you won’t find anywhere else.
So, let’s dive in.

Table of Contents:

  • Bumper Plate Industrial Regions
  • Bumper Plate Types
  • Bumper Plate Physical Structure
  • Bumper Plate Physical Properties
  • Buying Tips and Traps to Avoid
  • Conclusion

Bumper Plate Industrial Regions

Most of the Chinese bumper plate factories are located in Qingdao, Nantong and Xiamen. Those in Qingdao and its environs mainly produce rubber plates, while Nantong factories predominantly manufacture urethane bumper plates.
Qingdao has a much larger export volume and its products are relatively more expensive than those from the Nantong area. Factories located in Xiamen mainly focus on high-end bumper plates.

Bumper Plate Types

Types by Function

1.Training Bumper Plate

The thickness and diameter of weight plates vary with the weight of the plate. For bumper plates, however, the diameter remains constant, with only the thickness varying. Bumper plates are strictly made to the size and weight standards specified by the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF). An Olympic-sized plate (450 mm in diameter, 50.4 mm for steel hub) is usually made of thick, dense rubber. This is designed to make it safe when lowering a loaded bar from the top position of the snatch or clean and jerk movement without damaging the floor, the bar, or the bumper itself.
Bumper plates have the same weight range as conventional cast-iron weight plates. In times past, weightlifters used cast iron plates. However, these proved to be unsafe and impractical in terms of lifting and lowering the weights. The earliest plate versions also limited the amount of weight that could be added to the bar due to their thickness. Bumper plates were created for Olympic Game competition to overcome these problems. As the years passed, their use was extended to commercial gyms and, then, for home use. Many bumper plates now have a steel hub in the center that adds weight without adding thickness.
The training bumper plate is the most common bumper. These are usually finished in black. Recently, however, manufacturers have started making color versions, some of them with cool graphics. Training bumper plates may use metal ring, making them thicker than a competition plate. This limits the amount of weight that can be loaded onto the bar. It also makes the plate more likely to warp. For those reasons, training bumper plates are cheaper than other types.
Bumper plates that are marked‘Olympic’are compatible with Olympic bars.

2.Competition Bumper Plate

Competition bumper plates are plates that conform to the IWF specifications for size, tolerance, and color. By using solid steel core embedded into a solid rubber plate, manufacturers are able to reduce the plate thickness by about 40%. This is a better option for athletes, as it allows them to use a sturdy rubber plate to maximize the barbell’s load area.
The steel hubs used in bumper plates are usually constructed in two parts and then bolted together to hold the rubber tight. The steel hub is heavy so that it can be mounted on a bar. It also comes in different colors and is usually quite expensive. Competition bumper plates usually have more dead bounce than training bumper plates. However, this is not always the case. The bounce mainly depends on the durometer shore rating of the plate materials (more on this soon).
Many companies claim to offer bumper plates that meet IWF standards, but very few are actually IWF certified. This means they are not “real” competition plates, but are officially “training plates.” This distinction makes no difference to anyone who is not participating in IWF approved competition.
For a manufacturer to gain IWF Certification is expensive. This will add considerably to the cost of the overall product price, with no benefit for those who do not plan to compete in Olympic event.
The actual weight of a genuine competition plate is guaranteed to be within 10 grams (0.02 LBS) of the claimed weight. The weight tolerance of an uncertified plate may be up to 10% higher than its expected tolerance. Weight variability is one of the main reasons why professional athletes stay away from cheap Amazon plates. If you are buying a 45-pound plate, it should be very close to 45 pounds. Yet, some of the cheapest options could end up weighing 40 pounds or less!
If you stick with a reputable brand, however, there is no need to worry about major weight variances. Most of the major bumper plate suppliers offer products close enough to the claimed weight to not affect the majority of fitness enthusiasts.
The extra metal used in the steel hub and the more stringent tolerances required to comply with the IWF specification mean that the cost of competition plates are much higher than bumper plates made from virgin rubber plate or crumb rubber plate.
If you are an IWF or IPF competitive weightlifter, then it may be worth the extra investment to buy genuine competition bumper plates.
If you’re not a weightlifter, we don’t recommend spending extra money on competition bumper plates. It’s a huge cost difference, and it won’t help your workout very much! It doesn’t make much sense to spend twice to three times as much on a competition plate just to make sure you get an extra half a pound of weight!

3.Technique Plates

Technique plates are one-piece solid plates that are the same size as a training bumper. They are made of such solid plastics as polyethylene. They are usually available in 5 lb,10 lb (2.5 kg, 3.75 kg and 5 kg) weight increments. These very light weights are ideal for introducing beginners to the sport and helping them to improve their technique. Technique plates allow you to balance the bar without having to contend with heavy weight. They are also beneficial for use during rehabilitation training, serving as a transition to standard bumper plates.
Each pound is very expensive, but you should only need one or two pairs at most. Technique plates are made from a simple one-piece rubber with no steel hub around the center hole. They should only be used indoors on rubber flooring.

4.Change Plates & Fractional Plate

4.1 Change Plate

A “change plate” is a small plate with a diameter that is much smaller than a standard plate. For Kg, the common weights are 0.5 kg, 1 kg, 1.5 kg, 2 kg, 2.5 kg and 5 kg. For pounds, the common weights are 1.25 lb, 2.5 lb, 5.0 lb and 10 lb.
Sometimes, adding 5 kg to the bar is too much for the athlete. Since the lightest standard bumper plates typically weigh 10kg, or 25lbs, change plates can add the needed small weight increment. As a lifter gets stronger, the weight increments are much smaller, so change plates are especially beneficial for weightlifters and bodybuilders.

4.2 Fractional Plate

Change plates can be cross-used with fractional plates, both of which are an effective way to add a small amount of weight. The difference between the two lies in incremental degree. Compared to change plates, fractional plates drop from 1 lb to 0.25 lb, or from 1 Kg to 0.125 Kg. Fractional plates typically weigh a fraction of 1 pound or 1 kg. This allows for a “micro load” at times when adding several pounds would be too big a jump.
Fractional plates are the ideal choice for competition. A great benefit is that they can be added to the bar without removing the collar. The handle in the inner ring of the plate will secure itself to the bar and will not move, keeping the other plates in place.
Fractional plates will not touch the ground when in use. For that reason, they may be either iron or rubber coated.

Types by Material

Bumper plates are usually made of rubber. This contrasts with weight plates, which are made from cast iron or another metal and usually have a rubber coating.
Here are the most common bumper plate materials:

1.Virgin Rubber

Typically made in China, virgin rubber will offer a denser, thinner plate with less bounce. This will prevent it from bouncing too much when it hits the floor. The virgin rubber plate is extremely wear-resistant and is designed to survive the rigors of a gym environment. In addition, rubber is usually vulcanized, which helps to reinforce the plate and makes it more durable.
Virgin rubber will produce a plate that is smooth and thin. This makes it more convenient to move the plate around the gym. In addition, rubber is a good absorbent material, so it will not damage the floor.
Because virgin rubber does not come from recycled tires, there is no use of adhesives. This means that its smell is relatively mild, which is a huge advantage for those who are odor sensitive.

2.Crumb/ Recycled Rubber

Crumb rubber is made by grinding small pieces (known as “crumbs”) of recycled rubber from used tires or other waste rubber sources. Recycled rubber plate is cheaper, softer, and bounces higher with a lower density than virgin rubber. The rubber crumbs are glued together under heat and pressure with the use of adhesives. The type of adhesive applied determines the quality of the rubber. Better quality adhesive makes the rubber more durable and produce a less noticeable odor (though there is still some odor).
Crumb rubber plates are less durable than virgin rubber plates. They tend to break down and deteriorate over time, though durability will vary among different manufacturers. For example, the Hi-Temp factory in Tuscumbia, Alabama is one of the few America-made bumpers on the market and one of the best, as recognized by many trainers, gym owners and competitive weightlifters.
Hi-temp plates are made of indestructible recycled vulcanized rubber with a 2-inch stainless steel insert. This manufacturing process sometimes causes a slight aesthetic flaw. However, a quality plate should be more about performance than appearance.
Crumb rubber plates are often much wider than their virgin rubber counterpart. This means that you will not be able to fit as many crumb plates on a bar.
Crumb Plate Pros:
  • Impact absorption: it has a better impact absorption ability than virgin rubber plates due to its lower density.
  • Cost: it provides almost the same function as virgin rubber plates with a lower cost.
  • Environmentally friendly: it is made of recycled rubber, which conforms to environmental protection protocols.


Urethane is a synthetic compound material that combines some of the best properties of plastics and rubber. As a result, urethane bumper plates produce the required bounce and weight, wear resistance, cutting resistance, and tear resistance. At the same time, it remains flexible enough to resist impact damage and deformation. This makes it far more durable than rubber. In addition to durability, Urethane can be combined with colorants more easily, resulting in incredibly bright colors.
Urethane bumper plates are often thinner than rubber bumper plates. This allows you to load more plates onto the barbell. This also means that the weight is closer to the center of the barbell, which makes a big difference in load stability when using heavy weights.
Another benefit of urethane plates is that they are completely odorless. A new rubber bumper plate typically emits a “new tire” odor for a long period of time, so an odorless urethane plate is a good choice for people who are sensitive to strong odors.
Bumper plates made of urethane have an extremely low bounce. This is even lower than a high-end rubber plate. Urethane bumper plates are considerably more expensive than a same-quality rubber plate. However, if you want a bumper plate that looks good, durable and smell-free, urethane plates are probably your best bet.

Bumper Plate Physical Structure


Bumper plate quality is largely determined by the materials used. Urethane is the best overall, followed by virgin rubber second and then recycled rubber (with the exception of hi-temp).

Steel Hub:

The steel hub in the middle of a bumper plate is an important construction element. While some plates are designed without a steel hub, most professional bumpers carry steel hub sections with a galvanized or chrome plated finish.
A few years ago, many manufacturers applied brass hubs to their bumper plates. However, brass proved to be less than ideal due to its softness. This made it vulnerable to bending and cracking, severely impacting its durability. Most manufacturers now use stainless steel to make their hubs. However, some producers are still using with brass. These should be avoided.
The bumper plate’s steel hub should fit easily into the sleeve of the bar. If the collar is too wide, the counterweight will slide. The bumper hub should have a diameter that is close to that of the bar to ensure a quick on/ off operation and a secure fit.
Steel hubs are usually made of steel 45, and all steel hubs have the same diameter. For bumpers of different sizes, though, the thickness of the hub will vary.
There are 3 reasons to choose a steel hub in your bumper plate:
  1. It’s metallic appearance can improve the aesthetic appeal of the bumper.
  2. It counts for 40-50% of total weight.
  3. It reduces the thickness of the bumper, allowing more bumper plates to be placed on the barbell.

Bumper Plate Physical Properties:


All weight plates should, ideally, be round. If they aren’t, the flat surface on the plate’s outer edge may cause it to move. Having a lip on the edge of the plate also makes for easier pick-up, especially when the plate is lying flat on the floor. A lip also makes the outer edge of the bumper wider than the center. This prevents collision and damage of the steel hub.


Bumper plates are available in kilograms and pounds. They come in the same weight range as standard Olympic weights.
Bumper weights in pounds:
  • 55 lb
  • 45 lb
  • 35 lb
  • 25 lb
  • 15 lb
  • 10 lb
Bumper weights in kilograms:
  • 25 kg
  • 20 kg
  • 15 kg
  • 10 kg
We see from the above, that there is more variety in pounds measurement than in kilograms. If manufactured in accordance with the IWF standard, each plate should be guaranteed within + /-10 grams of the claimed weight.
The majority of bumper plates on the current market have a weight tolerance of between 2-3%.
At Yanre Fitness, we offer bumper plates with a guaranteed weight tolerance within +/- 1%!


Due to the fact that bumper plates all have the same diameter, it can be hard to tell the difference between them. That is why bumper plates are traditionally color coded to the IWF standard. These standards are followed by all countries involved in Olympic competition. For fitness enthusiasts, color bumpers can help provide motivation and visual feedback during the training session. They can also help the lifter and his/her coach to quickly pick and calculate the right weights.
Color and Weight:
  • Red: 55 lb or 25 kg
  • Blue: 45 lb or 20 kg
  • Yellow: 35 lb or 15 kg
  • Green: 25 lb or 10 kg
  • White: 10 lb or 5 kg
  • Red: 2.5 kg
  • Blue: 5 lb or 2 kg
  • Yellow: 1.5 kg
  • Green: 2.5 lb or 1 kg
  • White: 1.25 lb or 0.5 kg
These colors are not only applied to bumper plates, they also apply to all color coded weightlifting competitions.
Rubber plates feature raised lettering. These are usually coated with indelible ink in another color to identify the weight. The raised lettering on urethane plates is molded to look more intricate in a different color than the plate itself.
Some manufacturers offer bumper plates that do not conform to international color-coding standards. Others mix color and weight, have their own unique color scheme, or have uneven coloring. All of these types of bumper plate should be avoided.


Steel weight plates produce more noise when used than bumper plates. The rubber or urethane material absorbs the impact, greatly reducing the noise factor.


Any product that is made from rubber, including virgin rubber and recycled rubber, will produce an odor. However, the smell of virgin rubber is noticeably milder than that of recycled rubber. Urethane bumper plates will not give out any odor at all.
Hi-temp rubber is the most durable type of recycled rubber. However, it produces a strong odor, making it unsuitable for home use. It is ok, however, for garage and commercial gyms.
For those who are sensitive to the smell of rubber, exposure to the sun or soaking in a solution will remove a certain amount of odor. Over time and with exposure to the atmosphere, the odor will reduce to the point that it is not noticeable.

Bounce & Hardness

Bumper plates aim to achieve what is called dead bounce. This is when the bumper falls to the ground and stays still. However, this is difficult to achieve. It requires a very high material hardness, known as the Shore hardness. To achieve a dead bounce, the shore hardness scale needs to be 100. Still, the best bumper plate barely bounces, even when dropped from a certain height.
Let’s take a closer look at the Shore Hardness Scale.
The Shore A Durometer scale was invented by Albert Ferdinand Shore. It is used to judge the hardness of a material. The higher the scale, the higher the resistance of the material to permanent indentation. See the chart below:
For Bumper Plate, a higher Shore rating indicates less bounce. However, less bounce means more noise. Most bumper plates have a hardness scale between 70 and 95. A plate with a 95 Shore rating will have less bounce, greater durability and more noise than one rated at 75.
If noise reduction is a priority for you, crumb rubber plates are a good choice, as they are usually in the “medium” to “hard” range. Virgin rubber has a higher hardness rating than crumb rubber. Virgin rubber is harder, less bouncy and more durable. Due to its hardness, its falling noise is louder than that of crumb rubber.
Competition plates will provide the greatest level of both dead bounce and noise, as they usually have a “hard” shore rating.
In the end you need to balance how important bounce is to you compared to the noise factor.


Poor rubber quality and excessive fineness can cause bumper plates to bend. This can be a problem with small plates which are thin and fragile. A bent plate will produce an uneven load.

Buying Tips & Traps to Avoid:

  • Material: When comparing materials, be aware that some manufacturers apply urethane which is not pure enough; others apply inferior recycled rubber materials, such as the use of shoe rubber. Manufacturers may also add an inferior iron core to large-weight bumpers to bring the cost down.
  • Weight Accuracy: Plates that conform to their stated weight will give better performance. However, you will pay more for greater weight accuracy. A weight variance of +/- 3% or higher weight tolerance is not recommended.
  • Warranty: Any good bumper plate will have at least a one-year warranty.
  • Width & Diameter: Bumper plates should be as close as possible to 450 mm in diameter as possible. The collar opening should be as close as possible to 50.4 mm, which is the IWF standard.
  • Color Coding Accuracy: Make sure the weight and the color matches the IWF standard. Check, too, that the coloring is even.
  • Printed or Raised Letter: Printed words fade with time, making it difficult to know their weight over time. We recommend choosing raised lettering to indicate the weight.
  • Steel Hub: The hub should be made of steel or stainless steel and brass should not be used. For the finish treatment, both chrome-plating or zinc-plating are good options.
  • Drop Test: Check to see the data on the maximum number of drops the plate can withstand. Good bumper manufacturers will have such tests and data on their website.
Yanre Fitness Drop Test Details: When dropped at a height of 2.2m, Yanre bumper plates assure 30,000 uses for a hi-temp bumper, 20,000 uses for a competition bumper and 10,000 uses for a training bumper.


Choosing the correct bumper plate type can be a challenging task. We hope that the valuable insights that we have provided in this article have armed you with the knowledge you need to ask the right questions and make the right buying decisions. To get similar valuable insights into how to choose the best barbells for your gym, check out our Best Gym Owner’s Barbell Buying Guide in 2020.
Did you find this article valuable? Do you still have unanswered questions about buying bumper plates? Ask it in the comment section, and we’ll be sure to get back to you.
Related Articles:
submitted by ebayFit to GymOwnerNetwork [link] [comments]

"Modern" Twist To Open Razors - There Are Actually Some Decent Ones!

The twist to open butterfly (AKA silo missile doors) double edge razor was the “state of the art” just prior to the introduction of cartridge razors. Since then that technology seems to have taken a back seat to less convenient, but easier to manufacture, technology. It’s been my long-held belief that we need to re-visit the TTO razor. Are there any good “modern” TTO razors? I decided to look more closely.
Probably the first “one piece” safety razor was the Segal razor in the early 1930’s. The Segal razor did not open like the classic “butterfly” razor but rather the top cap pivoted to a vertical position and the blade (double edge but not the Gillette form factor) slid down the cap and onto the base plate.
Around the same time GEM produced the GEM Micromatic with a twist-to-open top. Of course it accepted GEM single-edge blades, not double edge blades.
The Twist To Open (TTO) “butterfly” razor was first introduced by Gillette in 1934 with the Gillette Aristocrat razor. Probably the best-known TTO razor, the Gillette Super Speed, was introduced in 1947 and by the late 1950’s had probably achieved the peak of its engineering design.
The Super Speed went through a number of tweaks, including another major redesign in 1966–notably adding a resin coating to a metal handle along with some cost-cutting changes.
Production of the Super Speed dropped off when cartridge razors started becoming profitable and halted in the United States altogether in 1988, though the razor was manufactured by Gillette in other parts of the world up until the new Millennium. Some manufacturing was done by third parties under license.
Schick, Gillette’s perennial number two competitor and better known for their “Injector” razor, also produced a TTO butterfly double edge razor: the Krona. Although only produced for a fairly short time in the mid-1960’s it has a reputation in the vintage razor enthusiast community as a razor that shaves well (personally, I think the Krona is a very under-appreciated razor).
But the fact that many Super Speed razors can still be found in good condition at rummage sales, internet auction sites, antique stores, and your grandfather’s bathroom is a testament to its design, engineering, and durability.
Merkur took a stab at a TTO razor in the late 1990’s with their Vision razor. The Vision was not only a TTO design but an adjustable razor as well. It was a unique design but it was also ridiculously over-engineered (IMHO) and prone to failure unless it was regularly maintained. Merkur withdrew it from production in the early 2000’s.
Unfortunately many TTO DE razors produced these days do not have the best reputation. Most are made in China or Pakistan using an early 1960’s Gillette Super Speed design but often with sub-standard materials and workmanship. The Gillette double edge razor (and blade) patents have long-since expired. But even if they hadn’t I bet these factories would probably still be making them, as some of these manufactures seem to think copyright means they have the “right” to “copy” something. A quick search on Alibaba or AliExpress will find many examples.
But that is not to say all TTO razors are sub-standard. There are some good ones out there! The key indicator seems to be how involved the brand is with the manufacturing process. Those who merely place an order with an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) at the lowest price possible and wait for delivery will most likely get an inferior, inconsistent product.
Brands that take an active part in ensuring that agreed-upon design and quality control specifications are being followed–or do the manufacturing themselves–are more likely to have a more successful product, albeit at a slightly higher cost. That means multiple, regular trips to the factory in person. I hear this again and again from brand representatives who are “in the know.”
Brand names with time in the market can be another indicator of a better product (or at least an evolving product), though by no means a consistently accurate one.
Names like Feather, Parker, and Weishi have been around a while and are probably well-known to the old school shave enthusiast. More recently names like Viking’s Blade have taken steps to improve their products. Let’s take a closer look (in alphabetical order):
Although perhaps better known for their double edge blades, Feather offers two TTO double edge razors, the model 800-1B (AKA the Feather “Popular”) and the new model DER-A (AKA the Feather “Adjustable”–though I would call it a semi-adjustable).
The “Popular” razor is different from Feather’s other products. Feather is generally known as a premium brand and their prices generally wander toward the higher end of the spectrum. But the “Popular,” with it’s plastic handle, light weight, and comparatively low price is definitely a value product. The shave is generally regarded as on the mild side (though I think not as mild as their high-end Stainless Steel razors). The razor’s light weight gives some shavers trouble because they unconsciously apply more pressure, making irritation more likely.
The “Adjustable” razor is new on the scene and can be a little difficult to get a hold of. It is adjustable but only in two positions: “1” for a very mild blade gap and “2” for a more middle-of-the-road shave. Like the “Popular” it has a plastic handle (and some plastic head parts), though I think the Adjustable’s handle is much more ergonomic.
As you might think, the mild Feather razors work well with the Feather high performance DE blades.
Parker Razors, founded in 1973 but launched in the US in 2005, now has a dozen models of TTO razors, all sharing the same TTO head design. Some have slightly different TTO mechanics inside the handle of the razor, depending on whether the TTO dial is at the bottom or the top of the handle. Although best known as a “value” brand, the design and engineering of Parker razors have evolved and improved over the years (particularly after a major re-tooling in 2010) and I think they’re pretty solidly-made razors that are a bit more aggressive than the three piece Parker razors. The Parker 92R is a favorite razor of mine though the 99R is their most popular TTO from a sales perspective.
Viking’s Blade
Although apparently a family-owned business since 1985 in Australia, Viking’s Blade was originally a “white label” contractor for other brands. In 2015 they added their own consumer-oriented online presence. After an early debacle with one of their suppliers Viking’s Blade as grown into a fairly significant presence in the wet shaving world (though some shaving enthusiasts still seem to have a chip on their shoulder about them), mainly thanks to their use of Amazon as a marketing channel.
In 2017 the family business was acquired by an Intellectual Property (IP) and holding company named Vullion Group. I can’t find a whole lot about them but I will say that they do seem to be taking an active part in keeping an eye on their manufacturing partners (an important aspect, as I mentioned earlier). Their FAQ page includes this comment:
“We employ Australian supervisors and QC staff in Asia to ensure an enjoyable and ethical working environment that results the tightest error margin.”
Viking’s Blade currently have four TTO razor lines: the original Chieftain, the long-handled Vulcan, the adjustable Crusader, and and the new heavy-duty adjustable Emperor. There are also some model variations in the Chieftain line (which may have caused some additional confusion in the market) and Emperor line.
While it might be fair to say that some of their early razors bear a passing resemblance to other “copycat” razors I think Viking’s Blade’s latest offerings, particularly the Emperor adjustable razor, are clearly based on original designs and made to higher manufacturing specifications. Only time will tell how durable they will be, but I have reason to be optimistic.
According to their Amazon storefront (I can’t seem to find a website from them), Weishi has been manufacturing razors since 1993. They sell their own brand and I suspect they’re the OEM for a lot of others, too: razors from brands like Van Der Hagen, Micro Touch One, and Dorco (Prime) look an awful lot like the Weishi-branded model 9306 razor (which has itself gone through several minor revisions through the years, the latest being the 9306f).
Weishi is known as a low-cost alternative and their quality control has always been kind of spotty–though it seems like it has improved over the last couple of years. And very recently there seems to have been an effort to expand the variety of their double edge razor line with the “Nostalgic” series that includes both a long handle TTO and an adjustable TTO.
Twist to open “butterfly” double edge razors are not only convenient to use but they also have a place in cultural history: ask a random person on the street to describe an “old fashioned safety razor” and the odds are they’ll say something like ‘oh, that razor where the top doors opened up to change a blade with.’ With the right kind of razor blade storage magazine blade changing can be a completely hands-off process.
Although not as common as they once were I think TTO butterfly razors from Parker and recent models from Viking’s Blade are well built, reasonably priced (comparable to other types of double edge razors), and deserving of consideration.
Full article with pics, links, and TTO razor buyer's guide HERE but this post is the meat of the article.
submitted by mantic59 to wicked_edge [link] [comments]

Help with a D'kyr science build:

This is my second fully built character. You all were a ton a help two or so months ago with my main engineer. You guys took him from like 5k damage to about 22k as he currently sits with zero upgraded weapons.
Using some of that same help, I built this science Vulcan up and he also currently sits at about 22k damage without any fancy expensive traits. He's using a D'kyr T5-U (cause I'm a sucker for the hardluck ships) and also cause he's very Mr. Vulcan.
Like before, I know I can be doing better. I started this guy off following a guide on the DPS channel website. I was intending him to use beams but when I finally discovered I could bind the tilde key to fire torpedoes I've slowly dropped in a few launchers. For sure I bet there is a respec in my future.
So in short, I'd like to do more EPG damage (and especially more attraction where they get stuck and can't move) and more torpedo damage.
As always, thank you for any help you all can offer.

Captain Details

Captain Name  Tuval   
Captain Career  Science   
Captain Faction  Federation   
Captain Race  Vulcan   
Captain's Outfit  Modesty is an emotion.   
Primary Specialization  Temporal   
Secondary Specialization  Strategist   

Space Skill Tree

Rank  Engineering    Science    Tactical   
Lieutenant  Hull Restoration  Hull Capacity  Advanced Shield Restoration  Advanced Shield Capacity  Advanced Energy Weapon Training   
Lt. Commander    Improved Impulse Expertise  Improved Control Expertise  Improved Drain Expertise     
      Control Amplification       
Commander  Hull Plating  Damage Control  Advanced Shield Regeneration  Advanced Shield Hardness  Advanced Weapon Amplification   
Captain  Defensive Subsystem Tuning  Offensive Subsystem Tuning  Advanced Exotic Particle Generator  Advanced Long Range Targeting Sensors  Improved Hull Penetration   
  Auxiliary Subsystem Performance           
Admiral  Improved Warp Core Potential      Advanced Scientific Readiness    Tactical Readiness 
0 Points Left  11    26     

Space Skill Unlocks

Purchases  Engineering  Science  Tactical 
Hazard Emitters III  Science Team III  Tachyon Beam III 
Battery Expertise  Transwarp Cooldown Reductions  Threat Control 
Feedback Pulse III  Photonic Shockwave III  Jam Sensors III 
10  Maximum Hull Capacity  Maximum Shield Capacity   
12    Gravity Well III   
15    Starship Perception   
17    Tyken's Rift III   
20    Subsystem Energy Drain Resistance   
24 (Ultimate)    Probability Manipulation   
25 (1st Ultimate Enhancer)    Probability Shell   
26 (2nd Ultimate Enhancer)    Probability Window   

Ship Loadout: D'Kyr Science Vessel

Slot  Item  Notes 
Fore Weapon 1  Polaron Polaron Dual Beam Bank Mk XII [CrtH][Dmg]x2 Very Rare   
Fore Weapon 2  Gravimetric Photon Torpedo Launcher Mk XII Very Rare  Photonic Arsenal Set 
Fore Weapon 3  Piezo Polaron Dual Beam Bank Mk XII [CrtH][Dmg] Rare   
Aft Weapon 1  Chronometric Polaron Beam Array Mk XII [CrtD][Dmg]x2 Very Rare  Chronometric Calculations Set 
Aft Weapon 2  Morphogenic Polaron Torpedo Launcher Mk XII [Acc][CrtD][CrtH] Very Rare  Morphogenic Armaments Set 
Aft Weapon 3  Chronometric Polaron Omni-Directional Beam Array Mk XII [Acc][Arc][Dmg] Very Rare  Chronometric Calculations Set 
Deflector  Solanae Deflector Array Mk VIII Very Rare   
Impulse Engines  Sol Defense Impulse Engines Mk XII Very Rare   
Warp Core  Obelisk Subspace Rift Warp Core Very Rare   
Shields  Sol Defense Covariant Shield Array Mk XII Very Rare   
3 Engineering Consoles  Trellium-D Plating Mk XII Very Rare   
  House Martok Defensive Configuration Mk XII Very Rare   
  Reinforced Armaments Mk XII Very Rare   
4 Science Consoles  Exotic Particle Field Exciter [ShHP] Mk XII Very Rare   
  Temporally Shielded Datacore Mk XII Very Rare   
  Particle Generator Mk XII Very Rare   
  Temporal Disentanglement Suite Mk XII Very Rare  I have a fifth science console as this ship is T5-U, and I'm using the Rebounding Resonate Frequencies epic universal. 
2 Tactical Consoles  Chronometric Capacitor Mk XII Very Rare   
  Delphic Tear Generator Epic   

Officer Details

Bridge Officers  Power 
Commander Science  Science Team I  
  Destabilizing Resonance Beam I  
  Subspace Vortex III  
  Gravity Well III  
Lt. Commander Engineering  Engineering Team I  
  Emergency Power to Shields II  
  Auxiliary to Structural II  
Lieutenant Tactical  Beam Array: Overload I  
  Torpedo: Spread II  
Lieutenant Science  Hazard Emitters I  
  Photonic Officer I  
Ensign Universal  Torpedo: High Yield I  

Traits & Duty Officers

Trait  Name  Description 
Personal Traits  Astrophysicist  +10 Exotic Particle Generator (Improves Exotic Damage) +10 Drain Expertise (Improves Shield Drain & Energy Drain / Resistance to Same) +10 Starship Perception (Improves Defection of Cloaked Ships) 
  Conservation of Energy  Gain 10% bonus damage on Exotic damage powers when struck by Energy damage. Stacks up to 3 times. 
  Operative  +1% Critical Chance, +2% Critical Severity 
  Projectile Training  +5% Projectile Weapon Damage 
  Photonic Capacitor  -20 seconds removed from the Recharge of Photonic Fleet when using Science powers. This ability can only trigger once per 10 seconds. 
  Accurate  +10% Accuracy 
  Warp Theorist  +10 Warp Core Potential (Improves Power Levels) +10 Electro-Plasma System Flow (Improves Power Transfer Rate) 
  Fleet Coordinator  +2% All Damage per Team member (Self included), up to 10% 
  Shield Frequency Analyst  +15% Outgoing Shield Healing 
Starship Traits  Emergency Response  Your Hull and Shield heal bridge officer abilities will have their recharge times reduced by 10% if you suffer damage while below 50% hull health. This can occur once every 4 seconds. 
  The Best Defense  Attack Patterns grant Hull Healing Buff to Self 
  Improved Non-Linear Progression  This trait eliminates the power drain that is naturally caused by leaving your ship in Reverse. In addition to this, after remaining in reverse for more than 5 seconds, your ship will begin regenerating Hull and Shields at an increased rate. 
Space Reputation Traits  Particle Generator Amplifier  Bonus Exotic Damage 
  Chrono-Capacitor Array  7.5% Bridge officer Cooldown reduction 
  Precision  Increases your Critical Hit Chance in space combat. 
  Advanced Targeting Systems  Slightly increases critical severity in space combat 
Duty Officers  Projectile Weapons Officer  Chance to reduce the time to recharge torpedoes 
  Conn Officer  Chance to reduce the time to recharge Evasive Maneuvers 
  Sensors Officer  Debuff target's offensive damage with Sensor Scan 
  Astrometrics Scientist  Recharge time reduced on all Transwarp abilities 
  Gravimetric Scientist  Chance to create an aftershock Gravity Well 
submitted by cikmatt to stobuilds [link] [comments]

[PSA] New Here? Have a look at theese Gadgets!

Thanks for all the Positive Feedback! Glad i could be helpful to y'all!

Seeing how many new traders Struggle alot, I decided to (Once again) list some stuff that makes Trading, aswell as managing your own Items, alot easier.

#1. Steam Inventory Helper

SIH is great for keeping track of your own Items value, Sending Trade offers alot faster and most importantly, rather safely (e.g counts amount of items on both sides). Additionally, you have a quick overview to all Important links to every traders Profile,like SteamRep. Steam Inventory Helper (Google Chrome Extension) FYI Steam API Doesn't respond to SIH correctly at the moment, thus prices of various Items might not load, i recommend using (#4) for the Time being.

#2. Lounge Destroyer

As much as the reddit elite denies it, pretty much everyone uses CSGOlounge and everyone who's been on that site atleast once knows, it's filled with stupid and/or insanely awkward offers. Using Lounge Destroyeryou can just filter out single Keywords such as 'quicksell' or 'rare' etc. there's also an auto-request Items and Auto-Bump option, definetly worth checking out! Lounge Destroyer (Google Chrome Extension)

#3. Reddit Enhancement Suite

Makes using reddit alot more Comfortable, with preset Tables for Stores like this:
Item B/O C/O
AK Vulcan FN 29 Keys None
Night mode, Link previews etc.
Reddit Enhancement Suite (Pretty much every Browser)


Float Value fanatist? This Website let's you check the Float Value of all your Items that are affected by Conditions, the Lower the float, the Better the looks on your Skin (normally). You can also Compare floats, maybe you have the #1 Float hidden in the depths of your Inventory?
Alternatively Pretty much the same thing, but often loads your Inventory alot faster than

#5. CsgoBackpack

Set your Eyes on Bettables? Steam Market Prices and Lounge Betting Value usually differ quite alot, visit , Go to Lounge Item Price List and look for the skin whose price you're curious about, it will show you how much it's currently worth on Lounge.

#6. Use Browser Version of Steam!

I Can't stress this enough, Accessing Steam via Browser makes trading so much easier, you can have a look at profiles simultaneously, compare skins without having to wait 30 minutes for steam to load each inventory and stuff like that.

#7. SteamRep Checker by ImDeadInside !

Awesome little Gadget to have a Quick overview of another Traders (Or Scammers) Steamrep Status Further details here For Mozilla For Chrome

#8. CsgoFloat

A Website to check Float Values of Itmes on the market, you copy the Inspect link and Paste it in the 'Inspect Link' Bar on and click on 'Look Up', easy, right?
Please be gentle with any grammatical flaws, english is not my native language, but i tried my best not making any major mistakes
i Hope i could help some of you out! I Know there's Ruhal's PSA on the Front Page, but the more are aware of theese Add-on's the better, atleast in my opinion.
submitted by Eiketsus to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

[PSA] New To Trading? Get In Here!

Seeing how many new traders Struggle alot, I decided to list some stuff that makes Trading, aswell as managing your own Items, alot easier.

#1. Steam Inventory Helper

SIH is great for keeping track of your own Items value, Sending Trade offers alot faster and most importantly, rather safely (e.g counts amount of items on both sides). Additionally, you have a quick overview to all Important links to every traders Profile,like SteamRep. Steam Inventory Helper (Google Chrome Extension)

#2. Lounge Destroyer

As much as the reddit elite denies it, pretty much everyone uses CSGOlounge and everyone who's been on that site atleast once knows, it's filled with stupid and/or insanely awkward offers. Using Lounge Destroyeryou can just filter out single Keywords such as 'quicksell' or 'rare' etc. there's also an auto-request Items and Auto-Bump option, definetly worth checking out! Lounge Destroyer (Google Chrome Extension)

#3. Reddit Enhancement Suite

Makes using reddit alot more Comfortable, with preset Tables for Stores like this:
Item B/O C/O
AK Vulcan FN 29 Keys None
Night mode, Link previews etc.
Reddit Enhancement Suite (Pretty much every Browser)


Float Value fanatist? This Website let's you check the Float Value of all your Items that are affected by Conditions, the Lower the float, the Better the looks on your Skin (normally). You can also Compare floats, maybe you have the #1 Float hidden in the depths of your Inventory?
Alternatively Pretty much the same thing, but often loads your Inventory alot faster than

#5. CsgoBackpack

Set your Eyes on Bettables? Steam Market Prices and Lounge Betting Value usually differ quite alot, visit , Go to Lounge Item Price List and look for the skin whose price you're curious about, it will show you how much it's currently worth on Lounge.

#6. Use Browser Version of Steam!

I Can't stress this enough, Accessing Steam via Browser makes trading so much easier, you can have a look at profiles simultaneously, compare skins without having to wait 30 minutes for steam to load each inventory and stuff like that.
Please be gentle with any grammatical flaws, english is not my native language, but i tried my best not making any major mistakes
i Hope i could help some of you newbie traders out, stay safe, and don't let Ivan Scam you!
submitted by Eiketsus to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

[H] Keys [W] Your help (get a free keys), The Specific M9 Doppler



















* notes * *[float](* * **[Screenshots](** * **B/O:**




submitted by FallenTheDoge to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

Alphadraft shuts down money based fantasy betting

“Two years ago, we set out to combine esports with daily fantasy sports. In February 2015, our team launched AlphaDraft, bringing you daily and weekly fantasy esports contests. What started with only a few esports contests expanded along the way and we are very proud of the platform we built. However, as we continue to evaluate the esports landscape, we are announcing today that we have made the difficult decision to stop offering fantasy esports contests on AlphaDraft as of Friday, October 21, at the conclusion of the League of Legends World Championship. You can continue to play contests until this time.”
Alphadraft has been one of the longest running fantasy esports betting websites. Founded in 2014, they were a direct competitor to Vulcan / Draftking. But with the recent regulations and seemingly difficult market, they have decided to shut down the money based fantasy betting.
edit : Changed fanduel to draftking
submitted by rohansamal to csgobetting [link] [comments]

[PSA] Common scams & how to avoid them guide.

Wiki Page
How to look up a user safely and check if they're a scammer:
If the person is messaging you on Steam, click their user picture in the chat window to go to their Steam profile. Right click that page and choose "Copy Page URL" to make sure you have their real Steam profile page. If the person is messaging you on another website, there should be direct (not typed by the user) links to their Steam profile page. From there you can copy the URL from the address bar in your browser.
Then go to SteamRep and paste that copied link into the search bar to bring up their user page. If a user has been marked as a scammer or caution (on a SR member community) it will be listed on this page. It's possible that a user has pending scam reports against them but are not yet marked. To look these up, click the "Search SteamRep Forum" link in the "Search Engine Queries" section on the user's page. Each SR user page also has user-specific links to multiple trading and rep sites, use these rather than trusting any links given to you by a user (see #1).
Other things that indicate a probable scammer or scammer alt account are low games playtime, low backpack value (when buying expensive items), few other games on Steam, private account, and low account age (which shows on their SR page). A lack of fluency in English is also a possible warning sign, but shouldn't be used as a sole reason not to trust someone.

Common Scams

  1. Fake Phishing Links One of the most common scams, this is a technique used by many, even outside of the game. Phishing links look like links to familiar websites, but are actually imitation websites that try to trick you into giving them your account details (Steam and/or email username and password) or download malware that will take your details/control of your computer. With these details the phisher can gain control of the account and lock you out of it by changing account details, then move your items and steam wallet funds to one of the phisher's accounts. Phishers can contact you through Steam, trade sites, and even email so always be careful to check before you click links. Even better is to not click links at all, and navigate to the real page yourself by searching (see top for details). Additionally, a chrome extension written by dmn002 will block several known misspelled websites, but it won't stop all of them. For Firefox users, Jeesecar96 made a userscript to block phishing sites.
  2. Quickswitching This involves the victim thinking they're getting one item but gets another instead. While in a trade, a scammer will put up the desired item. Without the victim noticing, he'll quickly switch it to another item of less value that looks similar. A common attempt is switching an expensive unusual hat with a much cheaper unusual version of that hat; the item will look the same in the trade window but have a different effect. The item might also be renamed so that chat window of the trade that updates when items are removed/added looks less suspicious. After trading, the victim is left with the switched item. This scam often involves misdirection; they'll ask a question in Steam chat so the victim switches windows and then the scammer will swap the item while the victim is typing. They might also ask the victim to add another item or remove one of them, or add and remove many items themselves to mask the visible chatlog from showing that they've switched the item. With updates to Steam trading this has become easier to notice. Any change in items is shown in the trade chatlog and any change after you have readied up on the trade will stop you from accepting the trade. Always take your time in trades, and double check all items after you have clicked "ready".
  3. Bait and Switch 2 complicit scammers go on a trade server, a trade site, or possibly contact people directly. The first advertises that they are paying a very high amount for a specific item (usually rare but not a requirement), a lot more than it is actually worth. The second advertises selling that exact item, for more than it is worth but for less than the other scammer is offering. They pretend to be unaware of each other, hoping that someone gullible will try to make a quick profit by buying the overpriced item from the second scammer with the intent to sell to the first. Once the item has been sold to the victim for the inflated price the two scammers leave the server, close their listings, or block the victim, leaving the victim stuck with the item.
  4. Lending A scammer may ask to borrow a specific item for a short period of time (usually giving some flattering reason to the victim). After the item is given, it won't be returned. Scammers will take advantage of online acquaintances this way if given the chance. Never lend an item you aren't willing to lose to find out if your "friend" is a scammer.
  5. Trading Outside Steam A scammer may offer to purchase a victim's item with something that won't fit in the trade window (usually cash or game codes). They'll ask the victim to go first and claim that they'll give the payment separately after they have the item. Once they have the victim's item they'll simply block the victim. Many times the offer will be very high to attract victims with more greed than sense. If something seems too good to be true it likely is. This is also sometimes accompanied by a fake link (see #1) for rep to show why they deserve to go second in the trade; never trust links the other person gives you. Instead of a fake link, the scammer may impersonate a trusted trader in which case the links would be correct but not belong to the scammer's account. Looking up the potential scammer's info as detailed above (not using the links given to you) can make the impersonation obvious. Always double check before a transaction. There are legitimate transactions with legitimate traders that happen partially outside the trade window, but the possibility of being scammed is very high. SteamRep maintains a list of trusted middlemen, which act as a neutral party to hold the Steam-tradable side of payment while the rest is transferred. Even with a trusted middleman in a cash trade you can still be scammed (see #7), so be careful.
  6. Middleman Injection After a trade that takes place partially outside Steam has been agreed to, a middleman needs to be chosen. The scammer will suggest a trusted middleman that checks out correctly on SteamRep. However, once the victim agrees to the middleman a fake account pretending to be that middleman adds the victim. Once the unaware victim completes their side of the transaction, believing that they are using a trusted middleman, both the scammer and accomplice will delete and block them while keeping the stolen goods. Make sure you personally add the middleman yourself, and independently verify the identity of the person who added you using the instructions above (look up both accounts on SteamRep and compare). If you're not listed in the friends list of the actual trusted middleman, you're dealing with a scammer. You need to check the MM out yourself - that means you click on the MM's profile and copy/paste their profile URL into SteamRep and verify that it's the person they say they are.
  7. Chargebacks Funds sent over PayPal (and some other sites) can be "charged back", meaning that PayPal revokes the transaction and gives the buyer their money back. Scammers abuse this by making otherwise legitimate transactions then pulling their money back (sometimes months later) so that they get too keep both the items and the cash. To limit your risk of being charged back (if you use PayPal the risk will always be there), make sure the person buying from you has a long history of successful cash transactions without charge backs. Rep threads on SourceOP are trustworthy; to search for a user's rep thread navigate to their SteamRep page and click the "SOP" link in the "Search Engine Queries" section. Comments on one's Steam profile should not be considered rep as they are easily faked and any negative comments can be deleted by the user. It is recommended that (for maximum risk avoidance) that the buyer's cash rep (from a trusted source) should extend far beyond 90 days in the past. Ideally you should never sell to someone with lots of cash rep that only goes back 90 days or less because this is the most common charge back window for PayPal purchases. As a rule of thumb for selling anything of major value, ignore any cash rep made in the last 90 days and ideally their older cash rep should definitely total more than what the current transaction is. This indicates that they are invested in their rep and aren't gaining more by possibly choosing to charge back than they are giving up in historical reputation they've built up. MoneyPak and Bitcoin do not allow for charge backs, these are safer alternatives.
  8. Gambling Any betting or gambling game that relies on trust that the losing party will pay up has the possibility of that party simply choosing not to pay. This is considered scamming. To avoid this, use a trusted middleman to hold each party's items before the game begins. Because any middleman can theoretically scam you the same way once he has your items, be careful who to trust (see #5).
  9. Money Transfer within Steam Many times scammers will attempt to convince the victim that money can be sent directly over Steam, usually as part of some other trade. This is a variant of #5 which relies on the victim not being familiar with Steam Trade/Offers/Market. They may put something in the chat that appears to be an automated payment message or simply convince you that it will happen. The only way currently that money (as Steam wallet funds) can be transferred in Steam is through the Steam Community Market. It cannot be transferred as a result of a trade in Steam or through the Steam Offers interface. If you ever feel unsure about a trade, take a step back and research it. Valve puts out FAQs on all of their trading methods that are explicit about what is allowed and what is not.
  10. Email Verification Scam The scammer will as you to either forward the trade confirmation link, the trade decline link, or a screenshot of your email that contains these. Do not do so.
  11. False Trade Links on Profiles The scammer will have a Trade Link on his profile readily available, hoping that you will click on the link to offer your item for his. His main profile will contain the item you want, e.g. a Sapphire Flip Knife. You check his inventory and confirm that he has the knife you want, then you would click the trade link on his profile, which would lead to a profile that is completely identical to the profile with the sapphire, the only difference being that his Sapphire Flip Knife is now a Phase 4 Flip Knife. You, wanting to make $20+ Profit, will put his Phase 4 Flip Knife into the trade window, not noticing that the Flip Knife has changed from a Sapphire to a Phase 4. The same goes for different Float Values or conditions (He could have a Field-Tested Vulcan instead of the Factory New one you wanted from him) Always inspect the item you are trading for and double check the item description. Always be suspicious when you are making profit that you know you shouldn't be, sometimes it's a scam, sometimes it's legit. Be alert.
  12. Friend impersonation scam During trade negotiations, the scammer will agree to the trade only if you briefly give the item(s) to a person of your choice on your friends list, who would then return them to you so you could make the trade. Once you trade away the item, a steam account impersonating you will try to get the item(s) from your friend. This form of impersonation is especially effective because your friend has no reason to be suspicious and is likely not aware of common scams, and so more likely to fall for the act. If someone asks you to trade an item to a friend and back for any reason, it's almost certainly a scam attempt.
  13. Verify items scam The scammer will ask you to trade your items to an IRL friend your trust to "verify" the items or to prove that you are trustworthy. The scammer then copies your name and avatar and proceeds to invite your friend to trade and makes off with the items. Scammer's may also ask you to send your items to a "trustworthy middleman" for "inspection", but however trustworthy they may appear to be, they are in on the scam and out to steal your items.
  14. Glimmer Drop The user trades an item that appears to be worth a lot on the Steam Community Market, however the item is one of the few on the market and it's actual value is next to nothing. This is frequent amongst "autographed Dota items" which are unique and have never sold for large amount on the market. Another variant is the scammer tells you they will trade their high valued items or keys for an item on the steam community market and asks you to purchase it. This item is actually owned by the scammer's alt account, they then leave without fulfilling their end of the deal.
  15. Fake Gambling website scam A website that is seemingly authentic (usually the source code is taken directly from a legitimate/popular betting site) is set up to scam users in various ways. They may claim to an admin of the site and prove so by altering it (remember - it's a fake site) and make an agreement to rig a "bet" or "pot" and split the money with you, the scammer then takes your items either via the fake site's bot or a direct trade. Promises of guaranteed wins or a trades involving the fake site's currency may also be involved. Always verify any website someone links you. If it seems fishy avoid the user altogether.
  16. Fake bot / Impersonation of a gambling site bot Common with marketplaces such as OPSkins and gambling sites. Make sure the bot has the code which matches the one provided on the site itself. These scams may be random or targeted when a scammer is aware someone is about depost skins on to the site.
Variants of the above happen all the time, and new scams are always being thought up. Be careful! Never rush into trades, especially if they seem too good to be true. Take the time to ensure that you won't be scammed.

Reference Links:

submitted by EastLight to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

[Store] Click me. I do have quicksells. Quite abit of it.

My 2nd and last ever bet on a betting website with a yolo $9 bet. This was the end result.
Wasn't much but here's some quicksells. Bare with me if the formatting stinks. There's just too many shit.
Name Float Notes B/O
Butterfly Stained MW 0.12 81% market 37k SOLD
AK-47 Vulcan MW 0.12 82% market 15k SOLD
M4A1-S Hyper Beast FT 0.35 85% market 15k SOLD
AWP Lightning Strike 0.01 85% market 12k SOLD
M4A1-S Cyrex MW 0.10 85% market 11k SOLD
AWP Boom MW 0.09 85% market 5.5k (just buy it with the boom ft below) SOLD
AWP Boom FT 0.15 much BTA? 80% market 4.5k (just buy it with the boom mw above) SOLD
USP-S Orion FN 0.05 80% market 3k SOLD
M4A4 Asiimov BS 0.63 80% market 3k SOLD
M4A1-S Guardian FN x2 0.11 & 0.14 80% market 5k for both (only selling in a pair) SOLD
M4A1-S Atomic Alloy MW x2 0.09 & 0.10 80% market, one of them has 4 nice stickers 2k each SOLD
USP-S Orion FT 0.19 80% market 2k SOLD
AWP Redline FT 0.21 80% market 2k SOLD
ST AK-47 Elite Build MW 0.11 80% market 2k SOLD
AK-47 Redline FT 0.32 -.- 2k
M4A1-S Dark Water MW + USP-S Caiman FN 0.12 & 0.05 80% 3k for both (only selling in a pair) SOLD
Awp Corticera MW + CZ Yellow Jacket FT 0.11 & 0.22 80% 3k for both (only selling in a pair) SOLD
M4A1-S Atomic Alloy FT 0.16 -.- 1k SOLD
Five-Seven Monkey Business FT 0.31 -.- 1k SOLD
Glock Water Elemental FT 0.15 -.- 1k SOLD
M4A4 Dragon King MW 0.07 -.- 1k SOLD
Skins that ad up to $3 - 3.5 whatever whatever 1k
Fuck the other things i'm too lazy to list them all.
At these prices I am strictly not accepting vanillas/esports
submitted by EagleFlyFree to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

[H] 1k+ keys [W] Howls, Medusas, wishlist of 600 items


Buying OVER 600 ITEMS - check spreadsheet:
Coming soon: a website to display prices + faster updates!

These skins go to betting sites so I do not care about looks/floats

Most updated prices will always be on the spreadsheet!
Other skins I'm buying:
b/o 1 for bot
If my inventory doesn't have enough keys, please add me so I can restock.
submitted by samcattf2trader to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

[H] 1k+ keys [W] Howls, Medusas, wishlist of 600 items


These skins go to betting sites so I do not care about looks/floats

These skins go to betting sites so I do not care about looks/floats

Buying OVER 600 ITEMS - check spreadsheet:
Coming soon: a website to display prices + faster updates!

These skins go to betting sites so I do not care about looks/floats

b/o 1 for bot
Most updated prices will always be on the spreadsheet!
Other skins I'm buying:
b/o 1 for bot
If my inventory doesn't have enough keys, please add me so I can restock.
submitted by samcattf2trader to GlobalOffensiveTrade [link] [comments]

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